Use HTML element tags to control the default styling for a particular element type.
HTML tags allow you to kickstart your design process by setting default styles for a particular element type and styling large batches of elements at once. These default styles can then be overridden with classes and/or combo classes as you continue to design your site.
In this lesson, you’ll learn:
Tags are labeled pink, differentiating them from blue classes and green states. Here’s a list of the element types with tags that can be styled:
Setting typography styles on the Body (All pages) tag will cascade down to all typography across the entire site. Here, “Body” refers to an entire site page, which contains all of the other elements on the page. It’s good practice to set the default font family, font size, and line height on the Body (All pages) tag and override those styles on H1-H6 heading tags.
You can style the Body (All pages) tag in 2 ways:
To access the Body (All pages) tag:
To view and select a tag on an element that has a class applied to it using the inheritance menu:
Changes you make in Body (All pages) are a starting point, which is an important distinction between tags and classes — tags let you set the default styling for entire batches of elements.
If you make style changes with the Body (All pages) tag selected, all new and existing elements will inherit styles from the Body (All pages) tag. The Body (All pages) tag lets you set default styles like font, font size, font color, line height, and a default background color.
You can use classes to override any default styles on your site.
When you add a Heading to your site, it inherits any styles set on the Body (All pages) tag. (Don’t forget — you can check style inheritance using the inheritance menu above the Selector field in the Style panel.)
If you want to override a style without having to add that class to each heading, click into the Selector field and choose All H1 Headings. This will show the font is still being inherited from Body (All pages), which is expected. Now when you change the font, it will update all your H1s.
For example, if your default font is set to Tahoma on the Body (All pages) tag, the font on a new H1 heading will also default to Tahoma. But if you set All H1 Headings tag to Playfair font, your H1 headings will be Playfair. If you add a class to a specific H1 and set the font to Raleway, that H1 (and other H1s with that class) will be Raleway.
An element, like an H1, might have a class it uses to grab styling information. If that information is missing in the class, the H1 looks to the next level and takes its styling cues from the All H1 Headings tag, which takes its styling cues from the Body (All pages) tag.
Reminder: Tags help you set default styles, and classes let you override those defaults.
With any paragraph selected (that does not have a class applied to it), you can click into the Selector field in the Style panel and access the All Paragraphs tag to make style adjustments.
For example, you can set a unitless line height that affects each line of text:
You can also use the All Paragraphs tag to create space between paragraphs, similar to what the “Return” or “Enter” key on a keyboard does. Line height makes sure text doesn’t bleed together from line to line, and bottom margin allows you to create vertical space between paragraphs.
You can add a Link to your site by:
To make default style changes to your link:
Any new links you add will inherit any default styles you’ve set on the All links tag.
Important: The All links tag affects other types of links besides text links. For example, if you make changes to the All links tag font color with the hover state selected, and then add a button element, the button element will have the same hover effect as any other link element. In this example, you might want to override the hover state styles on your button class.
Tags are helpful for setting defaults, but they can make sweeping changes if you’re not tracking the elements using the tags, so be sure to do a visual inspection after making tag style changes.
Style guides serve as dedicated pages where common elements are organized and styled to make it easy to preview all of your default styles. You can create a style guide template to make it faster and more efficient to create style guides for each new site you create.
To create a style guide template:
To use this template on a new site:
Important: Don’t forget to style the Body (All pages) tag — since you can’t copy/paste a page’s body, you can’t include it in your style guide. You can select the body element on the “Style guide” page in your new site, then select and style the Body (All Pages) tag. Learn more about the Body element.