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In Webflow, as in code, elements pass their typographic style information down to their children. You can set text styles on parent elements, these styles will cascade down, and you can override these styles on their child elements.
It’s common to use this technique to set global font styles on the Body tag, to align text and other elements inside of sections, and to override default link block styles. In this article, we’ll cover three examples of how text style cascading works:
Want to follow along with this lesson? Fortunately, we created a zip file which contains all the assets used in the project, and we've included that linkright here
As we know from both HTML element hierarchy and Louisiana Civil Code, elements can pass Text Style information down through to their children. We can set Text Styles on parent elements which pass styling down, and we can override these styles on their child elements.
We're going to show three examples to demo this. That's it. We'll start with the first one.
Let's look at this ultra-simple layout. We have our page body, then inside that we have our Section, then a container inside the Section. Let's drag in a paragraph to join our heading. Now we've applied no classes — no styling of any type to any of these elements.
By default, if we check our paragraph (press our orange indicator), we can see it's getting the font from the body. Let's select the body. And with the body selected, we'll change the font.
Now because this updates in real time, this part has already been spoiled. We know that our heading and our paragraph are inheriting this new font change from the body. We can override this, though. Make a change, now have a blue indicator which, of course, shows us that we've made a style change here. Or we can remove that. Again, if we click the indicator, it's inheriting from the body.
And keep in mind: while the body is the top level element, we'll have to apply that body class (which was automatically created when we changed the font) — we'll have to apply that to the body on other pages, too. A great alternative — and we'll remove this class right now — is to go in and select our Body (All Pages) tag. Changes here will set those defaults on all pages in the project.
That's example 1.
Example 2 is a Section.
And even though it's not a text element, we can apply font styling here, too. First, let's see where it’s coming from. Of course, it's coming from our body tag for all pages. With our Section selected, let's override this font, and while we're at it, let's change the font color, too. Notice how the heading and paragraph inside — both child elements of the Section — notice how these are affected by the changes. That's because this override broke the chain of inheritance.
Before, the Section's child elements (the heading and the paragraph) didn't have any indication from their direct parents (like the container or the Section) regarding font. The Section and the container weren't specifying anything, so the heading and paragraph looked all the way up the hierarchy to the body for that styling info. So it didn't matter.
But since we've added styling to the Section, that's overriding that styling. If we take a closer look at the inheritance, we can see the value is now coming from the Section.
Just like we overrode the body earlier, we can do the same thing here. Any child element can override text styling. We can see our blue indicator which means exactly that. Let's remove it, and again, we're inheriting from our Section.
That's example 2.
Example 3 is a Link Block. Same idea here.
Here's some text sitting inside a Link Block. We could style the text directly, or we could simply select the Link Block and change the styling here. Once we do that, we can go in and select our text.
Where is this style value coming from? Of course, it's coming from our Link Block.
We can override at any time, or we can remove that and check to see that, yet again, we're inheriting that style value from the Link Block.
So, regardless of the context or the element type, text styling passes down through the hierarchy unless it's been overridden.
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