INTRO

INTRO

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Intro to the Designer

Intro to the Designer

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2:48

Intro to HTML & CSS

Intro to HTML & CSS

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3:38

HTML Structure

HTML Structure

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1:55

WEB STRUCTURE

WEB STRUCTURE

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The Box Model

The Box Model

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1:54

Element Hierarchy

Element Hierarchy

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3:57

Navigator Panel

Navigator Panel

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2:45

ELEMENTS

ELEMENTS

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Element Panel

Element Panel

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1:49

Section

Section

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4:14

Container

Container

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2:44

Columns

Columns

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2:22

Div block

Div block

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3:37

Buttons & Links

Buttons & Links

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Button

Button

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14:08

Link Block

Link Block

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9:35

Text Link

Text Link

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1:16

Typography

Typography

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3:20

Heading

Heading

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2:02

Paragraph

Paragraph

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4:42

Rich Text

Rich Text

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3:52

Text Block

Text Block

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0:56

Block Quote

Block Quote

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0:42

List

List

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2:31

Media

Media

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Image

Image

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3:39

Image File Types

Image File Types

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2:22

Image Resolution

Image Resolution

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3:28

Assets Panel

Assets Panel

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3:08

Video

Video

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1:20

Background Video

Background Video

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3:15

Components

Components

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Intro to Forms

Intro to Forms

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4:55

Styling Forms

Styling Forms

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2:55

Navbar

Navbar

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9:38

Styling a Navbar

Styling a Navbar

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4:34

Navbar Menu Button

Navbar Menu Button

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4:51

Slider

Slider

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4:56

Tabs

Tabs

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4:38

Lightbox

Lightbox

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3:44

Map

Map

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2:58

Dropdown

Dropdown

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4:38

Social Media Buttons

Social Media Buttons

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2:49

Custom Code Embed

Custom Code Embed

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1:24

Symbols

Symbols

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3:47

Styling Basics

Styling Basics

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Intro to Style Panel

Intro to Style Panel

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3:15

HTML Tags

HTML Tags

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3:59

Classes

Classes

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2:46

Combo Classes

Combo Classes

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4:05

Text Style Inheritance

Text Style Inheritance

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3:18

Style Manager

Style Manager

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1:56

States

States

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2:47

Transitions

Transitions

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2:40

Color Picker & Swatches

Color Picker & Swatches

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3:51

Color Values

Color Values

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3:22

Layout Basics

Layout Basics

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Intro to Web Layout

Intro to Web Layout

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2:27

Display Settings

Display Settings

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2:54

Padding & Margin

Padding & Margin

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2:48

Width & Height Units

Width & Height Units

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3:59

Floats & Clears

Floats & Clears

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1:52

Flexbox & Grid

Flexbox & Grid

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Intro to Flexbox

Intro to Flexbox

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2:27

Centering elements with Flexbox

Centering elements with Flexbox

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1:20

Equal height layouts with Flexbox

Equal height layouts with Flexbox

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1:47

Grid layouts overview

Grid layouts overview

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4:18

Flexbox vs. Grid

Flexbox vs. Grid

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4:00

Advanced Layout

Advanced Layout

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Positioning Overview

Positioning Overview

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1:48

Relative Positioning

Relative Positioning

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1:43

Absolute Positioning

Absolute Positioning

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1:43

Fixed Positioning

Fixed Positioning

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1:27

Z-Index

Z-Index

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1:49

Overflow

Overflow

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1:49

Styling Typography

Styling Typography

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Intro to Web Typography

Intro to Web Typography

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3:20

Typography Units

Typography Units

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2:43

Line Height

Line Height

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1:38

Advanced Typography Styles

Advanced Typography Styles

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3:01

Google Fonts

Google Fonts

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1:18

Custom Fonts

Custom Fonts

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1:27

Text Shadow

Text Shadow

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2:36

Background & Border Styles

Background & Border Styles

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Background Styles Overview

Background Styles Overview

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2:20

Background Image

Background Image

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2:04

Background Gradient

Background Gradient

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3:02

Border

Border

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3:07

Border Radius

Border Radius

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3:22

Box Shadow

Box Shadow

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3:34

3D Styles

3D Styles

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Intro to 3D

Intro to 3D

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2:25

3D Perspective

3D Perspective

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4:01

2D & 3D Transforms

2D & 3D Transforms

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4:53

EFFECTS

EFFECTS

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Opacity

Opacity

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1:44

Filters

Filters

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2:59

Cursors

Cursors

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1:45

Responsive Design

Responsive Design

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new course
CSS grid landing page tutorial (36min)

Lesson info

Lesson info

Padding and margin enable you to add space inside or outside of an element's boundary. Padding creates space on the inside, while margin creates space on the outside. These properties make it possible to create responsive websites with content that reflows — all while maintaining consistent spacing. 

In this article, we'll cover: 

  1. Adding margin to one side, opposite sides, or all sides at once
  2. Adding padding to one side, opposite sides, or all sides at once
  3. Negative margin
  4. Auto margin
  5. Centering elements horizontally

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Want to dig into the project featured in this video and see how everything is put together? We've included the full project we used when making this lesson, and we've shared the link right under this very paragraph.

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Transcript

Padding and margin can add space or breathing room inside or outside of an element's boundary. Padding creates space on the inside, while margin creates space on the outside.

Let's explore four different aspects of padding and margin: Individual Sides, Complementary Sides, All Sides, and then Negative Margin.

Let's start with Individual Sides. Here's a heading and an image — some paragraphs — not unlike many layouts. But if we select our heading and add some margin, we can eyeball this and click and drag to adjust. And once we get it just right, we can go down and apply that same class to another heading. And what we're getting at with this example is that we don't want to have to set margin (or any other style value) on individual elements. We're using classes to do the work for us. When we change the margin again on this one, it affects our original heading because it has the same class applied.

Let's select this image. And we can adjust the margin here to create more breathing room.

That's Individual Sides.

“Complementary Sides" simply refers to making padding and margin decisions on both sides (top and bottom; left and right...). If we grab this div block and style our class, we can hold option (or alt) and drag to add padding (breathing room on the inside). And it does this on both sides. Same thing on the top and bottom. We can hold option (or alt) and grab the top or bottom and drag to adjust both sides at once.

That's Complementary Sides.

All Sides is an extension of the same concept. If we want to adjust all four sides at once, hold down shift, and grab the padding (or margin) of one side, and the other three will follow suit.

Finally, let's touch on Negative Margin. Here's a simple section with an image. The image has a soft drop shadow, but that's not terribly important to this.

As we already know, we can add bottom margin on the image to push our paragraphs down. But we can also add negative top margin. And as we do this, as we click and drag to adjust, we can see the image overlap the previous section. Negative Margin does exactly what it's intended to and no, it's not a hack. In fact, Negative Margin is widely accepted as valid CSS.

So, we can adjust padding or margin on Individual Sides, Complementary Sides, or All Sides at once. We can even set Negative Margin to achieve many different effects, like overlapping content.

As a quick epilogue, we’ll make a note that although we clicked and dragged to adjust pixel values, we can also type in values for padding and margin at any time. We can just type in the unit, right after the number. And in some cases, we don’t even need to use numbers. Want to horizontally center an element using auto margin on both sides? Here’s the third most satisfying button to press in all of Webflow.

So, padding & margin: a great way to add or remove breathing room, inside or outside of an element’s boundary.